The Current Situation of World PoliticsMay 11, 2022
The U.S. and the former Soviet Union remain the dominant powers in world politics. However, interdependence has risen and interests of countries have become more entwined. Even great powers are limited in their ability to handle international problems alone. As a result, bilateral cooperation is becoming a logical consequence of contemporary international relations. Below is a discussion of the current situation of world politics. Read on to find out more.
Global economic growth
The current situation in world politics has a profound effect on the world’s economic growth. Increasing levels of direct investment have enabled more people to benefit from globalisation, and free movement of capital allows for this to occur. In this liberal worldview, governments must promote globalisation as a means of reducing inequality, while left-leaning liberals argue that global division of labour is a significant contributor to rising inequality.
The Liberal International Economic Order, which characterized the post-War period in finance and trade, is now entering a period of deep uncertainty. Rather than focusing on the liberal global economic order, economists and policymakers are examining the post-industrial economy, the globalization of production structures, and domestic politics in the context of a radically changing world. They are also looking at the rise of populist movements in some countries, as well as the emergence of China as a global superpower.
International economic demands of the South
The North-South dialogue has been defined as the process of negotiation regarding the future of the international economic system. Its goal is to establish a framework in which the South can improve its economic standing. Many economists believe the North-South dialogue reached a high point in the 1970s, but these proposals proved unworkable and would only benefit certain segments of the Third World. The southern proposals were extreme in order to create a position for negotiations with the industrialized North, but it is unclear if they can be implemented because of the enormous economic power of the North.
There are many reasons for this disparity in development. First, the physical organization of industries has changed. In the North, firms tend to cluster together to exploit economies of scale and increase productivity, which in turn leads to increased wages. By contrast, the South is less organized, meaning it faces more competition. And, the more firms cluster together, the more productive their industries are. The result is greater global competitiveness for the North. But, if the South is unable to improve its economic condition, it will never catch up.
German departure from Angela Merkel
The German departure from Angela Merkel is a thorn in the side of the European Jewish establishment. In her role as chancellor, Angela Merkel violated an unwritten rule – a chancellor shouldn’t criticize the judiciary – by opposing the circumcision of a Muslim child. She also said she didn’t want Germany to be the only country where Jews couldn’t practice their religious rituals.
The German departure from Angela Merkel poses a significant challenge to the next chancellor. Many European countries are turning to Germany for help with their economic recovery and are looking to Berlin for leadership. Her successors will have their work cut out as they try to rebuild transatlantic ties. Merkel’s departure marks a new phase in the German political landscape, one that will be difficult to match. And many people see it as the end of an era.
Impact of COVID-19 on global decline in freedom
The World Health Organization (WHO) has called the Covid-19 pandemic an infodemic. As such, censorship, legislation, and attacks on journalists are increasing worldwide. According to the Global Monitor, nearly half of the countries covered by the GSoD Indices have enacted laws limiting freedom of expression, including a ban on disinformation. Other restrictions include mandatory quarantine, lockdowns, and the banning of foreign travel.
The pandemic has caused the decline in freedom of expression and access to information, including the press. Governments have also cracked down on the media, with many countries banning journalists from attending COVID-19 press events. Meanwhile, journalists have been harassed, arrested, and threatened. In one instance, a Nigerian journalist was threatened with criminal prosecution for publishing a false report. Another example involved a Tanzanian journalist reporting on a COVID-19 patient without his consent. And Singapore has also made use of its anti-fake-news law to crack down on the media.
Impact of COVID-19 on India
The impact of COVID-19 on India has been huge. The country has been hit by the pandemic hard, with 230 million people falling into poverty. The first wave of the pandemic saw significant drops in consumption among the middle of the CPHS consumption distribution. The proportion of poor in the second lowest quintile went up from 32% to 60% within a year. Death rates were also lower, although the rate of vaccination is not high in rural areas.
With the rapid spread of the virus, India was especially vulnerable. Its high population density and lack of health care services made it difficult to combat the virus. There are 0.7 doctors and hospital beds per thousand people in India, compared to 5.6 and 3.6, respectively, in the EU. While containment measures were necessary, they would have hampered economic growth in an already troubled economy. Therefore, containment measures have been recommended.
Impact of COVID-19 on Africa
According to a new study, the COVID-19 pandemic has affected sub-Saharan Africa and parts of central and southern Africa. The survey found that respondents from Central and West Africa were disproportionately affected, whereas women in southern and central Africa were less affected. The results show that the COVID-19 virus has caused significant economic, physical, and health impacts in the affected countries. The study highlights some of the most important implications for African countries.
One of the key lessons from the study is that COVID-19 is more threatening to women than men. Those in the 25-to-33 age group were most affected. In addition, respondents in the East and Southern regions reported a higher impact than their counterparts from other regions. These findings indicate that African nations must take bold measures to combat the disease. The COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to ravage entire communities. It is critical that African countries prepare their health systems for this new threat by implementing gender-responsive COVID-19 response and gender equity measures.